- Omniglot – Greek Alphabet
- Business Background Encyclopedia – Greek Alphabet
- Omniglot – Greek Alphabet
- Business Records Encyclopedia – Greek Alphabet
It will be the head otherwise indirect ancestor of the many progressive Eu alphabets. It actually was based on the latest Northern Semitic alphabet via that the new Phoenicians.
Progressive Greek alphabet
The fresh Greek alphabet remains used for the fresh Greek language now. The new characters of your Greek alphabet are actually and made use of because the signs having maxims from inside the equations of interconnected areas off math and technology-like, the lowercase leader (?) can be used to depict an angle when you look at the mathematics.
New Greek alphabet is not the same as the fresh Cyrillic alphabet. However the Cyrillic alphabet try greatly depending the fresh new Greek alphabet, so that the several writing expertise resemble one another. The new Cyrillic alphabet was developed from inside the Middle ages, plus it has additional letters so you can account fully for new musical which Slavic languages fool around with which are not present in Greek. The newest Cyrillic alphabet is becoming also useful low-Slavic languages, like Kyrgyz and you will Tajik.
The brand new Greek alphabet try a significant invention because it was an effective more efficient and you will appropriate cure for write a low-Semitic words. It performed thus from addition of several this new characters and you can brand new modification otherwise shedding of several anybody else. Foremost, a few of the symbols of the Semitic alphabet, hence depicted just consonants, were made so you’re able to show vowels.
Greek alphabet, creating program which was created in Greece throughout the a lot of bce . This is the head otherwise secondary ancestor of the many modern Eu alphabets. Produced by this new North Semitic alphabet via compared to this new Phoenicians, the fresh new Greek alphabet was altered to make it more efficient and you will particular to possess creating a non-Semitic vocabulary adding multiple the brand new characters while the amendment or dropping of numerous others. Primary, a few of the icons of one’s Semitic alphabet, hence portrayed merely consonants, have been made to depict vowels: the Semitic consonants ?alef, the guy, yod, ?ayin, and you will vav turned brand new Greek emails alpha, epsilon, iota, omicron, and you can upsilon, representing the new vowels a, elizabeth, i, o, and you may you, correspondingly. Incorporating symbols into the vowel music greatly enhanced the new reliability and legibility of creating program getting non-Semitic languages.
Up until the fifth 100 years bce the latest Greek alphabet would be split on a couple of principal twigs: the newest Ionic (eastern) and the Chalcidian (western). Differences between both twigs was in fact lesser. The latest Chalcidian alphabet most likely provided go up to the Etruscan alphabet from Italy from the eighth millennium bce thus indirectly for the almost every other Italic alphabets, including the Latin alphabet, that’s now used for really Eu dialects. In the 403 bce , however, Athens technically accompanied new Ionic alphabet since printed in Miletus, plus in next half a century most local Greek alphabets, such as the Chalcidian, was basically replaced of the Ionic software, hence ergo turned the fresh new Traditional Greek alphabet.
The first Greek alphabet is created, like the Semitic forebears, regarding right to remaining. It gradually gave means to fix brand new boustrophedon build, and immediately following 500 bce Greek try usually created from kept to correct. The new Classical alphabet had 24 letters, seven of which have been vowels, and you can contains investment letters, perfect for monuments and you will inscriptions. From it was indeed derived three scripts finest ideal for handwriting: uncial, which had been essentially the Ancient capitals modified so you can composing with pen in writing and you can like hands printing, and you can cursive and you will littlest, that have been running texts just like progressive handwriting forms, that have joined characters and you may considerable amendment when you look at the letter profile. Uncial went out helpful about 9th millennium le , and you may smallest, which changed they, progressed into the present day Greek handwriting mode.